Automobile Industry dans ERIEP


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ERIEP | Number 3 | The challenges facing the European automotive industry

The start of a Second Automobile Revolution Corporate strategies and public policies

The paper compares the current automobile scenario with the debut of the automobile to understand whether the development of cleaner cars could trigger the start of a “Second Automobile Revolution”. Four conditions led to the appearance and widespread adoption of the oil car: the crisis of the previous transport system; the development of various technical solutions, thanks to innovations coming from other sectors; the formation of a coalition of actors to implement one of those solutions despite its great uncertainties; and the macro-economic decisions and public policies that ensured the generalization of the adopted solution. Today, the first and second conditions appear to exist in that, it being no longer physically or economically viable to continue the oil car motorization of the large emerging countries, various alternative cars have been designed. At present, we are observing the creation of actors’ coalitions to support the various solutions, although commercial, geopolitical and economical reasons could lead to the preponderance of the electric car, making it the car of a “Second Automobile Revolution”. That would completely change the architecture, the industry, the geography, the economy, the geopolitics, and the sociology of the automobile.

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Configuration of the North American and European auto industries – a comparison of trends

The sharp economic downturn that began at the end of 2007 severely impacted the auto industries on both sides of the Atlantic. The paper summarizes changes in the industry footprint for both North America and Europe. In North America the current geography came about through a dramatic reallocation of market share and subsequent plant turnover. In Europe an expansion of the industry footprint was motivated by the opening of Eastern European countries and markets. Only in North America did the recent recession significantly reduce production capacity. The locations of parts producers are closely tied to assembly locations in both regions to support just-in-time production. Yet, the supply base appears more spatially concentrated in Europe.

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