Jean-Claude Barat

Jean-Claude Barat, agrégé d’Anglais, docteur ès lettres de l’université de la Sorbonne Nouvelle avec une thèse sur la critique américaine, est professeur à l’université Michel de Montaigne –Bordeaux 3, et directeur du Centre Interlangues de Méthodologie. Outre un ouvrage écrit en collaboration, Théorie des genres et communication (MSHA Bordeaux, 1978), et un panorama de la critique contemporaine aux états-Unis, paru dans le Dictionnaire universel des littératures (P.U.F., 1994), il a publié une quarantaine d’articles de critique et de théorie littéraires.

Articles de l'auteur

Cycnos | Volume 14 n°2 | 1.

L’auteur de fiction : acteur ou figurant ?

The field of literacy criticism and scholarship appears to be in a state of utter confusion following the abandonment of the most elementary principles of rational inquiry. With the poststructuralist “death-of-the-author” theme, and the empowerment of the reader in his/her place, or the advent of “textuality” as self-sufficient and self-explanatory, criteria of validation or appreciation have simply evaporated. What is worse, it seems that the author not only has been shorn of his “authority”, but has been compelled to relinquish all sort of responsibility, either moral or intellectual. Narratology, at least in its French, Genettian version, has to all purposes practically substituted the narrator for the author himself, the personna for the person. In an effort to counteract this theoretical drift, this paper purports to explore some implications of fictional discourse regarding authorial and/or critical strategies of concealment, in order to shed light on he symbolic acts involved when writers and critics are faced with the question how to do things with texts.

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