Régis Mauroy

Université de Limoges, CeReS, rmauroy@minitel.net

Articles de l'auteur

Cycnos | Volume 21 n°1

The way : un cas d’identification qualitative

La collocation the way en anglais présente une grande fréquence d’utilisation avec des valeurs diverses (chemin, manière, etc.) et une étude des opérations fondamentales du lexème way associé au fléchage (The) démontre qu’aucune de ces valeurs n’est prototypique ni dérivée. En revanche, il s’agit là d’un terme toujours relatif à un procès, à sa source et à son but, désignant un ensemble de propriétés qualitatives contingentes et différentielles qui, comme c’est souvent le cas, est associé à une relative déterminative, et permet de marquer l’anaphore, la reprise d’une relation prédicative ou même la comparaison d’équivalence en marquant l’identification de propriétés analogiques construites ou préconstruites. The collocation the way in English is frequently used with various meanings ranging from path/access to manner, etc. But studying the operations of the noun way with pinpointing (The) shows that none of these may be described as either prototypical or derived. More fundamentally, the way always functions relative to a process, its source and object, expressing a set of qualitative and contingent differential properties. When associated to a determinative relative clause, as is often the case, it may serve as a marker of anaphora, refer to a predicative relation or express comparison of equivalence through the identification of constructed or preconstructed analogical properties.

Consulter l'article

Cycnos | Volume 18 n°2

Anaphore nominale de relations prédicatives

In English as in many languages, some Noun Phrases can be anaphoric of contextual propositions made up of predications relations. This type of anaphora is endowed with definite types of determination and the head-noun of the NP has some semantic relations of inclusion or exclusion (either complete or partial) with the verb of the contextiual propositions. This is part of how co-reference is achieved, but apparently not along the lines of more conventional types of anaphora. Five distinctive cases have been distinguished which contribute to providing more consistence to the general notion of anaphora.

Consulter l'article

Cycnos | Volume 23 n°1

La manière en questions :qualification différentielle et types de prédicats

To question “manner” isn’t a univocal operation. How marks a differential qualitative component, but its range does not only depend on syntax. The basic features of aspect in the predicates or the use of a modal auxiliary (can) may lead to different types of interpretation: either as on the modes of accomplishment of the predicate, or as bearing an external reference to the predication itself. The collocation How to… highlights the importance of telicity if inherent in the process. An interrogative cleft structure (How is it that…?) marks the pre-construction of the predicative relation in Qnt (it/that (located relative to T in S0), and thereby another type of external qualitative referenciation. Finally, questions in How come…? mark a subjective value by locating the external qualitative and quantitative components Qlt/Qnt relative to S in S0)”

Consulter l'article